Rules that Govern the Use of Force in Islam


1.      Only official governments are allowed to use force either in a just war or in brining justice to criminals. Individuals and organizations are not allowed to be vigilantes and take the law in their hands or declare war against other countries. The Prophet SAW was not allowed to use force until a sovereign Muslim state was established. Any Prophet who was not able to establish a sovereign state was not permitted to use force


2.      Prophets are ordered to do Jihad by the tongue only and never use force unless they establish a sovereign government. All individuals and organizations are ordered to use the tongue only following the footsteps of the Prophet before he became a head of a sovereign state. Allah SWT ordered him to use the Quran as a weapon to do Jihad by tongue against the hostile non believers Quran 25:52. He also was ordered to turn his back to their aggression Quran 15:94 and 6:106. It wasn't until this verse 22:39 when Allah gave them the permission to defend themselves after establishing the sovereign state. Later, when the state became strong, Allah gave the permission to attack Quran 9:123. One final thing that few of our brothers neglect. Muslims are ordered to honor their agreements even with the hostile enemy Quran 9:4. Some brothers use arguments to justify the violation of their oath to and agreements with the US government, these arguments are all nullified by this verse


3.      The only exception to this rule is if a person is attacked, then he is ordered to defend himself, his wealth and his family as much as he can. This defense continues until it becomes unnecessary due to the arrival of government forces. Communities can form local security forces in case of threats if the government based forces are not able to protect them. If people are attacked by their own government, then they are not allowed to use force to defend themselves. They have to seek justice using governmental channels. The use of tongue to seek justice is always allowed and actually ordained in many cases


4.    Muslims shouldn’t be intimidated by the persecution of other Muslims. This should neither make them quit doing Jihad by the tongue using the words of the Koran nor cross the boundaries that Allah has set for us and reply with force, i.e. not being savages nor being chickens



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